What we are about
A small working group, led by Stephen Mariner and Ruth McLeish, which will look into how to improve tree preservation in Exeter.
It is good to see efforts being made to further develop and improve the Valley Parks in Exeter under the stewardship of Devon Wildlife Trust, but too often we have just seen and still see mature trees vanish in our city scape. The ‘Tree Preservation Taskforce’ wants to look into how best to prevent this from happening by establishing a network of contacts in the city and raising its voice where trees are under threat.
Exeter City Council’s Tree Preservation website has been without lists or maps of TPOs since summer 2022. We want to see these data updated and made available to the public again.
We want to explore whether there are alternatives to felling diseased trees and those regarded as unsafe in insurance terms in public places. Tree surgery can re-juvenile trees and make them safe(r) again. As the Chestnut tree east of the Cathedral illustrates even boarding the space underneath a tree off by a rope line can help making spaces underneath old trees safer and enabling them at the same time to preserve their root system. Diseased trees also provide living spaces for different segments of wildlife, which might be taken into consideration before just felling them prematurely.
Hedges and shrubby areas are important features in our natural landscape and can offer wildlife resorts even in the most densely populated city centres. They need maintenance and care to fulfil their important functions. We need to learn to look after them in better ways.
4 Norway Maples on Denmark Road adjacent to the old Pyramids Swimming Pool (May 2023)
In early May ECS asked ECC Tree Manager Joe Morshead whether these four Norway Maples which were newly fenced in to mark the future building site had TPOs. We received a reply on 12 May that he had made a recommendation for the four trees to be included within a new TPO. We still have to find out whether the TPO was actually implemented.
Trees and shrubbery on Bonhay Road (Sep 2023)
A not built upon stretch of land on Bonhay Road is currently for sale. It is is approximately 0.56 acres in size and currently occupied by trees. It runs parallel to the railway line, less than a quarter of a mile from Exeter St David’s station. The other side of Bonhay Road is largely made up of terraced houses. The trees could be chopped down as the plot is advertised as an opportunity to build student or co-living flats, a healthcare facility or other residential properties. We ask whether this rare bit of natural habitat on the eastern side of the river could be saved by being purchased by Exeter City.
Mature tree on corner Southernhay East / Barnfield Road (early 2023)
A mature tree was felled earlier in 2023 and replaced by a very small new one in this location. As far as we know there was no notice posted in Southernhay to alert to this action happening. [photos to be provided]
Hedgerows in Pinhoe
Linden homes began an extensive building programme on the outskirts of Pinhoe just over the main railway line to Waterloo around 3-4 years ago. Every field bordering on the line has now been covered in houses right up to Motorway (M5) and beyond into East Devon. This has seen some of the old trees being saved, sometimes having fencing around them to protect from the builders (we assume), but hedgerows seem to be fair game.
We have watched in horror as these are torn down, for instance on Gypsy Hill Lane a once quiet little lane that only led to the Hotel at the end and a pedestrian/cycle bridge over the motorway. The left-hand side of this lane is now devoid of hedges and this has been replaced by a planting of some young saplings, which no doubt will in time provide cover for the houses behind. However, the loss of habitat for the wildlife is immense, not only birds and mammals but also insects which are slowly being eradicated.
Another example is Pinn Lane which leads to the old A30 (Honiton Road) where again hedgerows are disappearing for no apparent reason, perhaps in readiness for the next phase of development. On one stretch this is now replaced by wire fencing which is an eyesore and in places quite precarious.
The builder is now on phase three and so we have yet more destruction to come.
The irony of it is that they then allocate an area of land to one side of their development and call it a “wild life area” which consists of the balancing ponds necessary to drain the area where a natural stream once ran which has been piped underground and fed to this area.
We now hear there are plans afoot to build a further 150 homes on land that was once a dairy farm – MossHayne farm. So no doubt more hedges and landscape will disappear in the pursuit of new housing. Could we find a way to co-exist with our existing green spaces, as these would provide both physical and mental balance to our very pressured and stressed lives?
Larkbeare House - Trees in Grounds
The 5.4 acres of grounds around Larkbeare House, in St Leonard’s between Topsham Road and the River Exe, contain one of the finest collection of mature trees in the City Centre. With Devon County Council selling House and Grounds, Exeter Civic Society is increasingly concerned this impressive feature of the cityscape (especially when seen from the river side) could vanish for ever. Currently the trees are only protected by being part of a conservation area. Our Tree Taskforce went out on 19 Feb 2024 to start identifying and listing the trees, as this seems not to have been done before. Hilary, Angela, Stephen and Gert were helped by David Solman and Ed Dolphin (Devon Gardens Trust) with their skills in identifying species. The website linked here will provide our initial findings and more details on the house and grounds. We will return to the side to investigate the site further.
As a result of our findings, Exeter Civic Society asks
- Exeter City Council to put Tree Preservation Orders on the trees; we are in contact with Joe Morshead as ECC Tree Manager;
- present and future owners to keep the Grounds of Larkbeare House not only in their present biodiversity, but also to guarantee appropriate management;
- Devon County Council as current owner of the site together with Exeter City Council to try to safeguard public access to the grounds or at least part of them; the grounds have potential in the rising interest in eco-tourism, especially as they are so close to the Quay as the city’s second most visited tourist attraction;
- that Larkbeare House will be at least locally listed; we are in contact with Dianne Long from Devon Gardens Trust and with their conservation officer Jonathan Lovie for looking into a listing.
‘Money was not spared on the garden, with Veitch’s nursery contracted to landscape it with a full range of shrubs and trees’, as Exeter Memories says. From the wide range of outbuildings, the ruins of what was called the Summer House can still be seen in the lower part of the garden (fenced in). Sometimes referred to as the Belvedere Tower, it looks more like a folly than a summer house.